Labour Matching Models

Labour matching models stem from the fact that when a worker becomes unemployed, he needs to look for a job and such a process is not instantaneous. He cannot simply occupy any vacancy, but has to search for a job in a certain area, in a certain profession and which matches a list of criteria Read more about Labour Matching Models[…]

Neoclassical Business Cycles

Aggregate data do not lend support to neoclassical business cycle models. Discuss this statement paying particular attention to inter-temporal decisions about consumption, labour/leisure and investment. According to Prescott the reason for business cycles is due to technology shocks which manifest itself as changes in the TFP productivity term (or Solow residual) A. Summers criticises this Read more about Neoclassical Business Cycles[…]

Search Markets

In the context of the search model of the labour market, Peter Diamond (1971) raised the following critique: Firms have no incentive to offer a wage higher than the reservation wage. Discuss. Economic theory may initially have us believe that firms shouldn’t offer a higher wage than the reservation wage of workers. If they did Read more about Search Markets[…]

The Credit Channel

The credit channel is an enhancement mechanism for traditional monetary policy transmission, not a truly independent or parallel channel. Discuss The traditional monetary policy transmission works through a number of conventional channels: interest rate effect, exchange rate effect, asset price effect and through expectations. The stance of monetary policy acts as a signal to firms Read more about The Credit Channel[…]

The Relationship Between Debt and Growth

The debt-growth nexus has received renewed interest among academics and policy makers alike in the aftermath of the recent global financial crisis and the subsequent euro area sovereign debt crisis. Discuss whether there exists a tipping point, for public indebtedness, beyond which economic growth drops off significantly; and more generally, whether a build-up of public Read more about The Relationship Between Debt and Growth[…]

GDP Data Revisions

The importance of accurate GDP data is often understated and there is a need to document carefully the extent of revisions to statistics on economic activity and evaluate how this affects macroeconomic policy as well as examine ways to improve statistical methods. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has a trade-off between providing estimates on Read more about GDP Data Revisions[…]

Why has wage inequality risen?

Wage inequality has increased in many economies in recent decades. Discuss the three leading hypotheses regarding the causes of this increase. What does the empirical evidence tell us about the quantitative importance of each of these factors? The US economy has almost double since the 1970s, and labour productivity has risen over this period. Yet real wages for Read more about Why has wage inequality risen?[…]

The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: A Summary

Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (AJR) attempt to measure the effects of institutions on income differences by introducing an exogenous source of variation in institutions to measure their differing outcomes. They begin by pointing out that the history of colonisation resulted in different institutions being formed: some countries received extractive institutions (whereby the coloniser would simply Read more about The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: A Summary[…]

Economic Growth: Where does it come from?

One of the fundamental questions of economics is why are some countries rich and others poor? Why do some countries experience heavy growth which allows them to catch-up with the economic giants of the world, whilst others are relegated to the bottom and are unable to jump on the growth train? Is it due to Read more about Economic Growth: Where does it come from?[…]