New Labour v.s. Old Labour

New Labour was forced by political circumstances to adopt neo-liberalism and the Conservative European, Foreign and Defence policies, and so abandoned traditional Labour party ideology. Discuss. New Labour began government with a promise not to increase spending above Conservative plans for the first two years of their government along with no increases in basic or Read more about New Labour v.s. Old Labour[…]

Demography and the Industrial Revolution

What were the causes of the distinctive characteristics of English fertility behaviour during the Industrial Revolution? (b) How did the fertility rate interact with economic growth during this period? Before the causes of fertility behaviour are explored, we need to first look at what these characteristics were in the first place. From the graph to Read more about Demography and the Industrial Revolution[…]

Thatcher and Conservatism

Margaret Thatcher broke the post-war consensus in British politics and in so doing changed Conservatism in a fundamental way. Discuss. It is generally agreed that the post-war consensus consisted of 3 broad pillars – the welfare state, a mixed economy and Keynesian demand-management to ensure full-employment. Let us firstly turn to Keynesian demand management; the Read more about Thatcher and Conservatism[…]

Politics in Post-War Britain

Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee established a coherent political order in post-war British politics. Discuss. The 3 main pillars of the post-war order were; a welfare state, a mixed economy and maintaining full employment. These three policies were introduced by Attlee’s Labour government between 1945 and 1950. They came about through a change in ideology Read more about Politics in Post-War Britain[…]